What Is XP?

What is XP? XP (eXtreme Programming) is a lightweight, efficient, low-risk, flexible, predictable,scientific, and fun way to develop software. It is distinguished from other methodologies by,

  1. Its early, concrete, and continuing feedback from short cycles.
  2. Its incremental planning approach, which quickly comes up with an overall plan that is expected to evolve through the life of the project.
  3. Its ability to flexibly schedule the implementation of functionality, responding to changing business needs.
  4. Its reliance on automated tests written by programmers and customers to monitor the progress of development, to allow the system to evolve, and to catch defects early.
  5. Its reliance on oral communication, tests, and source code to communicate system structure and intent.
  6. Its reliance on an evolutionary design process that lasts as long as the system lasts.
  7. Its reliance on the close collaboration of programmers with ordinary skills.
  8. Its reliance on practices that work with both the short-term instincts of programmers and the long-term interests of the project.

XP is a discipline of software development. It is a discipline because there are certain things that you have to do to be doing XP. You don’t get to choose whether or not you will write tests—if you don’t, you aren’t extreme: end of discussion. XP is designed to work with projects that can be built by teams of two to ten programmers, that aren’t sharply constrained by the existing computing environment, and where a reasonable job of executing tests can be done in a fraction of a day.

XP frightens or angers some people who encounter it for the first time.However, none of the ideas in XP are new. Most are as old as programming. There is a sense in which XP is conservative—all its techniques have been proven over decades (for the implementation strategy) or centuries (for the management strategy).

The innovation of XP is

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